Most state laws identify and prohibit a number of offenses collectively called “computer crimes.” These crimes include hacking into a secure network or damaging a computer system. North Carolina computer crime laws may be misdemeanors or felonies, depending on the specific offense.
The table below highlights North Carolina’s computer crime laws. See FindLaw’s Cyber Crimes section and the links at the end of this article to learn more.
|Code Section||North Carolina General Statutes sections 14-453 through 14-459 outline the state’s computer-related crimes.|
|Mental State Required for Prosecution||To be prosecuted for a computer crime, a defendant must willfully commit one of the prohibited offenses.|
|Misdemeanor Computer Crimes||The following crimes are Class 1 misdemeanors:
|Felony Computer Crimes||Class G felonies include the following:
The actions described above are Class F felonies if a government computer is accessed.
It is a Class H felony to deny access to government computer services.
|Access Defined||Access may be direct or indirect.|
|Other Prohibited Activity||Sections 14-458.1 and 14-458.2 criminalize cyber-bullying and cyber-bullying of an employee by a student. Cyber-bullying is a Class 1 misdemeanor if the defendant is over age eighteen at the time the crime is a committed and a Class 2 misdemeanor if he or she is under the age of eighteen. A student who cyber-bullies a school employee is commits a Class 2 misdemeanor.|
Victims of computer crimes should consider contacting local law enforcement for assistance. Individuals charged with a computer crime may want to speak with a North Carolina criminal defense attorney.
Research the Law
- North Carolina Law
- Official State Codes – Links to the official online statutes (laws) in all 50 states and DC.
North Carolina Computer Crimes Laws: Related Resources