We’re all using our computers more these days, for everything from entertainment and communication to shopping and banking. So it’s only natural that criminals are using computers more as well. Annoying spam messages, invasive viruses, secure system hacking, and identity theft are just a few of the ways criminals can use computers to gain access to personal information, damage computers, and steal money.
So how is the Beehive State working to keep our computers, our personal information, and our money safe from computer crime? This is an introduction computer crimes laws in Utah.
While many of us ay have heard of stories about computer hackers, that is just one of many “computer crimes” outlawed under state laws. These statutes can cover everything from damaging someone else’s computer system to sending them unwanted spam emails.
Computer Crime Laws in Utah
The table below lists Utah’s computer crime statutes.
|Code Section||Utah Code 76-6-701, et seq.: Utah Computer Crime Act|
|What is Prohibited||Gaining or attempting to gain access to and altering, damaging, destroying, disclosing, or modifying any computer, computer network, computer property, computer system, computer program, computer data or software, and thereby causes damage to another, or obtains money, property, information, or a benefit for any person without legal right;
|Mental State Required for Prosecution||Intentionally, knowingly|
|Misdemeanor Computer Crimes||When damage is under $300 or info is not confidential then class B misdemeanor; when damage is between $300 and $1,000, then class A|
|Felony Computer Crimes||When damage is between $1,000 and $5,000, third degree felony; when damage is or exceeds $5,000 then second degree, there is also a third degree felony|
|Attempt Considered a Crime?||Yes|
|Civil Lawsuit Permitted?||No|
Utah Computer Crimes Laws: Related Resources
Computer crimes and the criminal statutes that prohibit them can be confusing to many of us laypeople. If you would like legal assistance regarding a computer crime matter, you can consult with a Utah criminal defense attorney. You can also find additional articles and information by visiting FindLaw’s section on Cyber Crimes.